View the Medway SCB Procedures
View the Medway SCB Procedures
View the Medway SCB ProceduresView the Medway SCB Procedures

7.7 Non Agency Adoption

SCOPE OF THIS CHAPTER

This procedure applies to applications in relation to adoptive placements that have not been arranged by a local authority or registered adoption agency, other than children brought into the UK for the purposes of adoption. This will include adoption applications by step-parents, relatives, private foster carers or local authority foster carers who have not sought or obtained the local authority's approval for the placement becoming an adoptive placement.

In relation to such applications, the residence requirement are as follows:

  • If the applicant or one of the applicants is the partner of the parent of the child, the child must have lived with the applicants continuously for 6 months prior to the application
  • If the applicants are local authority foster carers, the child must have lived with the applicants continuously for 12 months prior to the application
  • In any other case, the child must have lived with the applicant(s) for three out of the last five years prior to the application or the Court must have granted leave for an earlier application

For the procedure in relation to children who have been brought into the UK for the purposes of adoption - see Inter Country Adoption Procedure.

For the contents of the Court report for adoption applications, see Court Reports in Adoption and Special Guardianship Guidance.

It is an offence for any person to arrange for the adoption of a child without the involvement of a local authority or registered adoption agency unless the child is related to the applicant or has been living with the applicant for 12 months or more.

It is also an offence for any person to bring a child into the UK for the purposes of adoption without a Home Study report having first been prepared.


Contents

  1. Initial Contact
  2. Notifications
  3. Medical Information
  4. Other Checks
  5. Local Authority Duty to Supervise a Child
  6. Court Request for Report
  7. Parental Consent
  8. Child's Wishes and Feelings
  9. The Applicants
  10. Adoption Support
  11. Alternatives to Adoption
  12. Adoption Hearing
  13. After the Court Process


1. Initial Contact

Where residents of Medway request advice by letter, telephone or in person in relation to a non-agency adoption, the matter should be referred to the Adoption Service where the duty adoption social worker should offer the enquirer general information, and record the content of this conversation. This may be by telephone or an office interview may be arranged.

The prospective applicants should be offered information and advice on the adoption process and the implications of adoption, including the following:

  1. Alternatives to adoption
  2. The child's need to know that s/he is adopted and have information about the birth family
  3. The requirement for the consent of parents with Parental Responsibility to be obtained
  4. The role of CAFCASS
  5. The need to notify the local authority of their intention to apply for an Adoption Order.

If it is clear that the applicants do not fulfil the criteria of Domicile / Habitual Residence in the UK, the duty adoption social worker should advise them to obtain legal advice.

When it is established that the family concerned wish to pursue adoption, the case should be allocated to a social worker in the Adoption Service. The allocation should be made having regard to the requirements relating to qualifications and experience for authors of Court reports in relation to adoption (as set out in Adoption and Permanence Panel Procedure)

Where a foster carer is making a non-agency application to adopt a Looked After child, with the support of the local authority, the case will be allocated as soon as possible.


2. Notifications

Applicants for adoption, in the case of non-agency placements, must notify the local authority for the area where they live of their intention to apply for an Adoption Order. The notification should be sent at least three months and not more than two years before the date of the adoption application.

Any such notification received should be passed to the manager of the Adoption Team Manager. The Adoption Team Manager will arrange for the notification to be acknowledged and, if not already allocated, allocate the case to an appropriately qualified and experienced adoption social worker.

Upon receipt of the notification, the local authority will have a duty to supervise the welfare of the child if the child is within the definition of a Privately Fostered - see Section 5, Local Authority Duty to Supervise Child.

An Adoption Case Record should be opened for the child or each of the children involved.

As soon as practicable after notification is received, the allocated adoption social worker will leave forms for the prospective adopter to complete for Disclosure and Barring Service checks. Any other members of the household aged 18 or over, excepting the birth parent of the child, should also complete a DBS check.


3.  Medical Information

Except where the application is by a step parent in which case a medical report is not required, the adoption social worker will check that the applicant(s) and the child have received a medical examination before the adoption application is submitted.

If medical examinations are required, the adoption social worker will provide the applicants with the relevant BAAF medical forms for completion. These should be submitted to the Court with the adoption application and the Court will send copies to the local authority when a Court report is requested. Upon receipt, the completed medical forms should be passed by the adoption social worker to the Medical Adviser for comment. These comments should then be included in the Court report (see Section 6, Court Request for Report below).


4. Other Checks

On receipt of the notification of intention to apply to adopt, the adoption social worker should arrange a Disclosure and Barring Service on the applicants and any member of the household aged 18 or over. Forms should be left for the prospective adopters to complete as soon as practicable after notification of an intention to adopt is received.

Consent should also be obtained for checks to be carried out with the local authority, Probation, education and the health trust - and the necessary checks should be made.


5. Local Authority Duty to Supervise Child

On receipt of a notification in relation to a child who comes within the definition of Privately Fostered, the social worker must supervise the child until an Adoption Order is made in accordance with the Private Fostering Procedure, except that, where the child is already known to the local authority, the requirements under the Private Fostering Regulations as to the initial visit to the placement will not apply.

The aim of the supervision is:

  • To ensure the child is well cared for and in receipt of appropriate health and education services
  • To support the prospective adopters and help them focus on the task of integrating the child into their family and of providing the child with full information about his or her background and birth family

All visits should be recorded, including whether the child was seen and if so, whether the child was seen alone.

The adoption social worker should advise the prospective adopters of the need for them to provide medical reports on themselves and the child to accompany their adoption application (see Section 3, Medical Information). The social worker should also attempt to obtain medical information on the birth parents and a neonatal report on the child if under 5 years old. The social worker should send all available medical information to the Medical Adviser for comment.

The adoption social worker should ask the prospective adopters for the names of three personal referees, including one family member, whom the social worker should interview.

The child will continue to have the status of a privately fostered child until an Adoption Order is made or until notification is given that the prospective applicants no longer intend to apply to adopt.

Prospective applicants should be asked to clarify their intentions if there is a delay and no adoption application is lodged. If this is not forthcoming, the adoption social worker involved should write to the prospective applicants indicating that unless confirmation is provided of an intention to adopt, it will be assumed that the notification is withdrawn. In any event, after 2 years the notification will lapse.


6. Court Request for Report

Where a Court receives an adoption application in relation to a non-agency adoptive placement, the Court will notify the local authority of the hearing date and request a Report be prepared and submitted to the Court within 6 weeks of the receipt of the notification. The Court timescales should be clarified at an early stage and if more time is required, a written request must be submitted to the Court as soon as the need for an extension is identified.

The adoption social worker responsible for the supervision of the child will be responsible for preparing the Report, and for this purpose should gather available information on the child and parents - see below.

The allocated worker must fulfil the qualifications and experience criteria set out in the Adoption and Permanence Panel Procedure.

For the contents of the report, see Court Reports in Adoption/Special Guardianship Guidance.

Once completed, the adoption social worker should send the Court Report to the Adoption Team Manager for approval so that it can be filed with the Court within the required timescale.


7. Parental Consent

The adoptive applicants will have to indicate in their adoption application whether or not there is Parental Consent to the application. If the parents do not consent, it is for the applicants to ask the Court to dispense with the agreement of the parent or parents.

The adoption social worker preparing the report should attempt to interview both birth parents in relation to the adoption application and ascertain their views. If the parents do not live within a reasonable travelling distance, the social worker may request that a social worker from the local authority for the area where the birth parents now live to interview them.

The report should address the significance of the role played so far by the birth parents in the child's life and the implications of an Adoption Order for any future parental role.


8. Child's Wishes and Feelings

The social worker should speak to the child to ascertain his or her wishes and feelings in relation to the adoption and report on these to the Court. Where the child is not aware of the adoption application, the social worker should discuss with the adopters the best way to address this so that the child's views can be obtained.

The discussion with the child should address any confusion on the part of the child in relation to the implications of an Adoption Order for example where the adoptive applicant is a relative.


9. The Applicants

The report will need to comment on the strength and duration of any new family relationships, particularly in the case of an adoption application by a step parent. Where there is limited evidence of the strength and stability of the relationship, the applicants should be advised to consider deferring the application until there is more evidence of stability.

In addition, alternatives to adoption should be discussed and explored with the applicants, who should be encouraged to consider them.

For example where the main concern is the child's name, the applicants should be advised to seek legal advice on how to achieve this without the need for an adoption order.


10. Adoption Support

Other than an application by a step parent, the adoption social worker should consider the likely need of the child and adoptive family for adoption support. (See Adoption Support Procedure).


11. Alternatives to Adoption

The report should address any alternatives to adoption, which may offer a better framework for the child and the birth parents' future role.


12. Adoption Hearing

The adoption social worker responsible for preparing the report should attend the adoption hearing.


13.  After the Court Process

Once the adoption proceedings are complete, the social worker should complete the child's Adoption Case Record and arrange for its safe storage in the Adoption Archives.

End